Hatigumpha Inscription are still in use

It is being proved, two types of literature from very beginning. Development & preservation of Odia language through ages can be seen in two forms. One is spoken forms in folk lore and another is written forms in rock edicts and manuscripts.

Social occasion & festive event have helped to preserve the language in the spoken form by getting transferred through generations, while, the stories painted in cave paintings have constituted preservation in the written form. The inhabitants of this land started to drown this language about 15,000 years ago. The Gudahandi painting of Kalahandi district and the cave art of Khandagiri and Udayagiri are the great achievements of this primitive architecture.


Kharavela's Hatigumpha inscription serves as an evidence of past Odia cultural, political, ritual and social status and is the 1st poetic stake inscription. Though Ashoka had created many rock edicts and inscriptions before Kharavela, yet his instructions for administration have been written in a rude and chocked language. On the other hand, the Hatigumpha inscription shows the flexibility of the language in a sweet flow. Main feature of this inscription was based on principles of Sanskrit poetic structure.

In the beginning, these inscriptions had a dynamic journey from Pali to Sanskrit. They have not lost the sense of Odia. Therefore, Odia language, literature, script and culture are based on the discussions on these inscriptions. The words written in the Hatigumpha Inscription are still used in the present day Odia language.

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